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1 edition of Clutter suppression in radars by an application of digital filters to MTI systems found in the catalog.

Clutter suppression in radars by an application of digital filters to MTI systems

John Elias Sarris

Clutter suppression in radars by an application of digital filters to MTI systems

by John Elias Sarris

  • 126 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published by Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California .
Written in English


Edition Notes

ContributionsNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25527673M

  doppler radar and mti 1. Doppler Radar and MTI 2. 5. Doppler radar and MTI Introduction The Doppler effect Delay-line canceller Blind speeds Clutter effects Cascaded MTI filters Staggered PRFs Clutter locking MTI improvement factor Moving Target Detection. Section A Suppression of clutter in moving radar: Part I: Space-slow time processing for airborne MTI radar Chapter 1: Space-time adaptive processing for manoeuvring airborne radar Chapter 2: Non-linear and adaptive two-dimensional FIR filters for STAP theory and experimental results Chapter 3: Space-time techniques for SAR Chapter 4: Sigma-Delta-STAP: an efficient, .

Radartutorial Book 2 „Radar Sets“ Preamble: Radar systems come in a variety of sizes and have different performance specifications. Some radar systems are used for air-traffic control at airports and others are used for long-range surveillance and early-warning systems. A radar system is the heart of a missile guidance system. Moving target indication (MTI) is a mode of operation of a radar to discriminate a target against the clutter. It describes a variety of techniques used to find moving objects, like an aircraft, and filter out unmoving ones, like hills or trees. It contrasts with .

Radar signal processing uses STAP in areas where interference is a problem (i.e. ground clutter, jamming, etc.). In Space-time adaptive processing the primary aim of the processor is to remove the effects of clutters, jammers etc. from the received signal and to make the signal useful. For this purpose filters are used. There are different methodsFile Size: KB. Radar System. altimeter amplifier amplitude angle antenna Antilog application array radar azimuth bandwidth beam blind speed block diagram called channel indicates input integration Limitations loss matched filter maximum measurement microwave mixer modulation monopulse moving targets MTI radar multiple noise figure noise 5/5(4).


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Clutter suppression in radars by an application of digital filters to MTI systems by John Elias Sarris Download PDF EPUB FB2

Technique on the basis of its clutter suppression capability. Continuing, an application of digital filters is made by designing a fourth-order recursive filter with Butterworth characteristics, using a computer program. This filter can be used in a range-gated MTI (Moving Target Indication) receiver to improve its Size: 2MB.

A tabulation is made which compares each anticlutter technique on the basis of its clutter suppression capability. Continuing, an application of digital filters is made by designing a fourth-order recursive filter with Butterworth characteristics, using a computer : John Elias Sarris.

CLUTTER SUPPRESSION BY MEANS OF DIGITAL MTI AS APPLIED TO PRECISION APPROACH RADAR R.J. Long DECEMBER Prepared for DEPUTY FOR PLANNING, TECHNOLOGY, AND REQUIREMENTS ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS DIVISION AIR FORCE SYSTEMS COMMAND UNITED STATES AIR FORCE L. Hanscom Field, Bedford. Radar Systems Course 18 Pulse Doppler 11/1/ IEEE New Hampshire Section IEEE AES Society.

MTI Improvement for One Optimum Filter. Typical Airport Surveillance Radar. Wavelength S-Band. Antenna width ft. Rotation rate 13 rpm.

PRF Hz. C/N =40 dB. of pulses Filter optimized to reject ground clutter and noise. Doppler File Size: 1MB. The topics covered include: radar detection; phenomenology of clutter and related constant false alarm rate (CFAR) processors; Doppler techniques for surveillance radar, multifunction radar and synthetic aperture radar; clutter suppression: moving target indicators and detectors, adaptive and optimum MTI (moving target indication); rejection of jamming in space and frequency domains; concepts of radar target identification; architectural options and trend in radar.

Clutter rejection filter amounts to the design of FIR digital filter with stopbands to reject the clutter frequency component. A simple filter is a two-pulse cancellor.

A two-pulse canceller is used if the clutter component [assuming DC only] remains constant in a given range bin and can be eliminated by subtracting the output from two successive.

This paper focuses on the feasibility of tracking the chest wall movement of a human subject during respiration from the waveforms recorded using an impulse-radio (IR) ultra-wideband radar.

The paper describes the signal processing to estimate sleep apnea detection and breathing rate. Some techniques to solve several problems in these types of measurements, such as the clutter suppression Cited by: Sea clutter refers to the radar returns from a patch of ocean surface.

When a radar detects targets on or above the sea surface, it has to overcome the interference from sea echo itself. Sea clutter presents obviously non-Gaussian, non-stationary for many diverse factors. - Digital filter (Multipulse canceller) - A real-time delay is equal to the PRI - Digital implementations can provide the desired passband with the flexibility of passband programmability The preferred choice •Range gate and filter Chapter MTI and Pulsed Doppler Radar 14 - 17 Dr.

Sheng-Chou Lin Radar System Design Range gate and filterFile Size: KB. CurryR˙book Radar Clutter 81 • Sea state. σ0 increases with sea state. • Polarization. For smooth terrain and sea surface and low grazing angles, σ0 is greater for vertical polarization than for horizontal polarization.

For rough terrain and at File Size: KB. This book presents a systematic introduction to airborne MTI (moving target indication) system design for use in the fields of earth observation, surveillance and reconnaissance, with particular regard to the suppression of clutter returns. New developments in the field and special aspects of airborne MTI radar are included and make this book the definitive text on the principles of Cited by: Coordinate Systems • Radar coordinate systems spherical polar: (r,θ,φ) azimuth/elevation: (Az,El) or • The radar is located at the origin of the coordinate system; the Earth's surface lies in the x-y plane.

• Azimuth (α) is generally measured clockwise from a reference (like a compass) but the spherical system azimuth angle (φ)is. Pulsed radar systems may utilize special filters that can distinguish between slowly moving or stationary targets and fast moving ones. This class of filter is known as the Moving Target Indicator (MTI).

In simple words, the purpose of an MTI filter is to suppress target-like returns produced by clutter, and allow. Apparatus for providing moving target indicator (MTI) filtering in the presence of clutter for a radar receiver employing digital pulse compression to provide at an output a compressed digital pulse for application to the input of a MTI digital filter, including a digital adaptive filter of the same weight as the MTI filter and operative to receive the compressed pulse to provide at outputs of the filter a set of weighted filter Cited by: The MTI radar uses a digital implementation of a time-domain filter composed of “delay lines” to pass desired moving targets, but to reject stationary clutter.

The simplest type of MTI time-domain filter uses a single delay line to subtract the received radar echoes from the echoes received one pulse repetition period previously.

The use of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) for clutter suppression in step scan radars is investigated by use of a clutter model that is derived in analogy to measured clutter data of a radar.

Providing an overview of the broad field of space-time processing, this new book deals with the classical adaptive suppression of airborne and space-based radar clutter, and examines applications in other fields such as communications and seismics.

Draw the block diagram of non coherent MTI radar and explain the function of each block in detail 7. Explain the advantages of non coherent MTI Radar 8. Explain the applications of CW radar.

Explain the principle of Doppler effect and its application CW radar. Derive an expression for unambiguous range of a two frequency CW radar. This paper describes the implementation of an improved clutter suppression method for the multiple pulse repetition time (PRT) technique based on simulated radar data.

The suppression method is constructed using maximum likelihood methodology in time domain and is called parametric time domain method (PTDM). The procedure relies on the assumption that precipitation and clutter Cited by: 1.

Doppler-Filter Figure 1: Example given block diagram of an MTI- Systems in a monopulse radar with a digital receiver (interactive picture) Practical moving target detectors on a fully-coherent radar equipped with monopulse processing involve a Doppler filter bank.

The I and Q output fromFile Size: KB. Clutter echoes can be many orders of magnitude larger than target echoes. An MTI radar exploits the relatively high Doppler frequencies of moving targets to suppress clutter echoes, which usually have zero or very low Doppler frequencies.

A typical MTI radar uses a high pass filter to remove energy at low Doppler frequencies.Radar Systems Course 11 MTI 1/1/ IEEE New Hampshire Section IEEE AES Society Terminology & Basics • Moving Target Indicator (MTI) Techniques – Suppress clutter with a high pass Doppler filter Reject slow moving clutter Detect moving targets – Small number of pulses typically used Two to three pulses – No estimate of target’s.Doppler radars use doppler processors to suppress clutter signals and to retain target signals on the basis of the relative strengths of the doppler frequency components contained in the echo signal.

The better known doppler processors include MTI (delay-line) cancelers, bandpass filters and banks of bandpass by: